Poletaeva Olga Vladimirovna, Postgraduate student, Ulyanovsk State Technical University (32 Severniy Venets street, Ulyanovsk, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The formation of the society of knowledge and information economy assumes active use of new and non-standard work arrangements. New forms of wage labor are beginning to play a special role. Their uneven distribution in professional, territorial, social and demographic segments demonstrates the influence of different factors on appearance of freelancers in the structure of employed population.
Materials and methods. The analysis was based on generalization of theoretical works and results of All-Russian researches; data processing and interpretations of the author’s poll among employed people from Volga region: the Republic of Tatarstan, Samara and Ulyanovsk regions. The problem was researched by the structural-functional approach, which allows to study the process of freelancers appearance in structure of employed population.
Results. The prospects of emergence and development of a new category of employees – freelancers – are connected with technological factors: growth of the amount of works on production and conversion of information, implementation of information and communication technologies; allocation of a number of professions in which it is possible to transfer results into a digital form. Special social conditions – the permanent economic crisis forcing employers to take workers off the payroll and to sign provisional agreements with certain specialists – were added to these factors; the social and demographic situation connected with natural loss and aging of the population.
Conclusions. During the research a special influence of regional factors at the meso-level has been revealed: the work market situation in the region, the level of economic and educational infrastructure, the honesty of regional customers and the activity of local IT-communities. The study proves the need for regions to create freelancer clubs regulating organizational matters of freelance activities, professional communication and social security of freelancers.
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